The Psittacidae family consists of macaws, parrots and parakeets and are one of the most threatened groups of birds of the world: from the 370 species, 26% are threatened, i.e., for every 4 species, 1 is in danger. In Brazil, 85 species are found; 16 of them on the IUCN List of Threatened Fauna. That's why, here in the Park we dedicate special attention to the parrots: we house 37 species of the family, 7 of which are endangered. Most birds that we receive have been confiscated from traffickers or have been mistreated, in addition to birds from Rehabilitation and Sorting Centers that are in no condition to look after them and, also, those who are found injured in nature. Just as we offer shelter and recovery to the birds, we also participate in conservation projects, we carry out studies on these species and maintain a security population to contribute to release projects in the wild.
RECOVERY AND QUALITY OF LIFE
Healthy nutrition is one of the main factors for our birds to have a good quality of life, therefore we offer organic food for a balanced diet, supplementing it with food that the bird would find in their region of origin. An example are our golden parakeets, which feed on young fruit of the Açaí palm in nature; we try to recreate this diet in the Park by supplementing their meals with baby formula made from the pulp of Açaí palm.
But our care is not limited to food. We encourage the birds to express their natural behaviour, through environmental enrichment and to interact with individuals of the same species. In this way we prevent the parrots exhibiting abnormal behaviors and signs of stress.
CONSERVATION OF PARROTS
We have a team with a lot of experience and knowledge about parrots from nature and under human care and, based on their research, we observe the peculiarities of each species and offer everything that is needed for their reproductive success. To name some of our successes: 23 golden parakeet chicks born in 9 years; 11 red-tailed amazon and 5 vinaceous amazon in 5 years; and 13 hyacinth macaw chicks in 10 years. All of these species are endangered.
Our behavioral and reproductive studies generate knowledge to improve the quality of life of parrots around the world. These results are passed on to other institutions, in order to increase the reproductive success of the species and to enable integration of conservation programs, as well as to provide an increase in the well-being and life expectancy of these birds.